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Which hazards are on OSHA’s 10 most-cited safety violations list?

workplace health safety

“Some things will never change.”

When you hear this quote, usually it means bad news. Can’t teach an old dog new tricks, is another similar saying.

Unfortunately, in the case of 8 of the 10 of the entries on OSHA’s 2018 top 10 Most Frequently Cited Violations list across all industries were on last year’s list. Believe it or not, the top four most frequent OSHA hazards (fall protection, hazard communication, scaffolds and respiratory protection) have been on the list since OSHA started compiling it in 2015.

To be honest, at time of publishing, the information is still considered ‘preliminary’ (aka it might not be 100% accurate), but the point still remains – In the USA, we are not doing enough to compile data in a meaningful way and taking preventative action to reduce risk of injury.

Here is the complete Top 10 list for 2018, along with the lists for previous years:

Most Cited Violations of 2018
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding – General Requirements (1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
6. Ladders (1926.1053)
7. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
8. Fall Protection – Training Requirements (1926.503)
9. Machine Guarding– General Requirement (1910.212)
10. Personal Protective and Lifesaving Equipment – Eye and Face Protection (1926.102)

Most Cited Violations of 2017
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding (1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
6. Ladders (1926.1053)
7. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
8. Machine Guarding– General Requirement (1910.212)
9. Fall Protection – Training Requirements (1926.503)
10. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305)

Most Cited Violations of 2016
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding (1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
6. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
7. Ladders (1926.1053)
8. Machine Guarding – General Requirement (1910.212)
9. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305)
10. Electrical – General Requirement (1910.303

Most Cited Violations of 2015
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication ( 1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding ( 1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
6. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
7. Ladders (1926.1053)
8. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305)
9. Machine Guarding – General Requirement (1910.212)
10. Electrical – General (1910.303)

Most Cited Violations of 2014
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding (1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
6. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
7. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305)
8. Ladders (1926.1053)
9. Machine Guarding – General Requirement (1910.212)
10. Electrical – General (1910.303)

Most Cited Violations of 2013
1. Fall Protection (1926.501)
2. Hazard Communication (1910.1200)
3. Scaffolding (1926.451)
4. Respiratory Protection (1910.134)
5. Electrical – Wiring Methods (1910.305)
6. Powered Industrial Trucks (1910.178)
7. Ladders (1926.1053)
8. Control of Hazardous Energy – Lockout/Tagout (1910.147)
9. Electrical – General (1910.303)
10. Machine Guarding – General Requirement (1910.212)

 

Below is a breakdown of the total number of violations (includes all industries) and a brief decription of the top 3 violations. The list covers violations that OSHA issued between the first of October and the 30th of September.

 

1. Fall protection — general requirements

7,270 violations

OSHA statistics show that is the number one OSHA violation and the leading cause of U.S. construction site deaths.

Included in the citations for fall protection was one issued to Kasper Roofing & Construction, based in Windermere, Florida, in April. OSHA cited Kasper after one of its employees fell to his death on a jobsite near Orlando. The agency proposed a fine of $134,000.

 

2. Hazard communication

4,552 violations

Manufacturers and suppliers typically have safety data sheets on how to handle hazardous materials readily available for contractors. While hazardous chemicals stand out as an obvious risk, there are also materials that flyAluminium or steel coatings, for example, is considered hazardous, as is the dust created by sanding drywall mud.

This year (2018), OSHA cited a Texas drilling company, Legend Directional Services, for failing to train their employees on the hazards of flammable chemicals, among other violations, and proposed a total fine of USD$28,455.

 

3. Scaffolds — general requirements

 3,336 violations

The sight of scaffolding hugging the side of a building under construction is one of the most common images associated with an active jobsite.

OSHA prescribes safety regulations regarding scaffolding systems, including suspension, ladder jack, top plate bracket, roof bracket, outrigger and pump jack scaffolds. The standard also includes fall protection and fall arrest system requirements for those working on scaffolding at 10 feet above a lower level.

 

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And as always, keep safe out there.

By Donesafe at Donesafe.com